Adverse Effects of Celebrex?

Aside from the incidence of gastric ulceration, celecoxib exhibits a similar Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR) profile to other NSAIDs.

Gastrointestinal ADRs

In theory the COX-2 selectivity should result in a significantly lower incidence of gastrointestinal ulceration than traditional NSAIDs. The main body of evidence touted to support this theory were the preliminary (6 month) results of the Celecoxib Long-term Arthritis Safety Study (CLASS) as published in 2000, which demonstrated a significant reduction in the incidence of gastrointestinal ulceration in those taking celecoxib versus ibuprofen or diclofenac. (Silverstein et al, 2000) The final (12 month) results from the CLASS study, however, did not indicate any advantage of celecoxib over the other NSAIDs in the study. (Malhotra, Shafiq & Pandhi, 2004)


Cardiovascular Risk

The withdrawal of Rofecoxib from the market in 2004 due to an increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events led to the suspicion that this was a class effect. Indeed an increased risk of heart attack and stroke was found in a National Cancer Institute study studying the use of 400-800 mg celecoxib daily for the prevention of colorectal adenoma (relative risk 2.3-3.4 vs placebo). (Solomon et al., 2005)


There is still much conjecture, however, as to whether this risk is significant for the majority of patients being treated with lower doses for osteoarthritis.


Celecoxib contains a sulfonamide moiety and may cause allergic reactions in those allergic to other sulfonamide-containing drugs. This is in addition to the contraindication in patients with severe allergies to other NSAIDs.


Celebrex | Adverse effects | Product recalls | Dangerous Drugs