Labor law: an overview

The objective of labor law is to equalize the bargaining power of employer and employees. The labor laws allows employee to form union and to engage in activities like strikes, lockouts, etc. to have their demands fulfilled. The issue of labor law comes under the jurisdiction of both federal and state laws. States are preempted from interfering with federal statutory law or with the guidelines promulgated by agencies established under federal law or by the U.S. Constitution.

Individual labor law

Individual labor law deals with peoples rights at work place on their contracts for work. Where before unions would be major custodians to workplace welfare, there has been a steady shift in many countries to give individuals more legal rights that can be enforced directly through courts.


Collective labor law

Collective labor law concerns the tripartite relationship between employer, employee and trade unions. Trade unions (or labor unions) are the form of workers’ organization most commonly defined and legislated in labor law. However, they are not the only variety. In the United States, for example, workers’ centers are associations not bound by all of the laws relating to trade unions.


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